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Cancer News Around the Web

February 28, 2019

Current state of interventional radiotherapy (brachytherapy) education in Italy: results of the INTERACTS survey

Purpose: Rapid evolution and improvement of technology in radiation oncology and the complexity of each area of radiotherapy (RT) practice determined the need for an adequate and flexible practical training system. In the field of interventional radiotherapy (brachytherapy – BT), a decline in BT utilization was detected in the 1990’s, essentially due to technological improvement of external beam RT...

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October 31, 2018

Interstitial brachytherapy in soft tissue sarcoma: a 5 years institutional experience with Cobalt 60- based high-dose-rate brachytherapy system

Purpose: Soft tissue sarcomas (STS) are comparatively rare heterogeneous group of tumors with different distinct histopathological subtypes. It accounts for 21% of all pediatric non-hematological malignancies, and less than 1% of all adult solid neoplasm [1]. Due to rarity of the incidence and heterogeneous pathological varieties, STS have aggressive biological behavior and high potential for local recurrence after surgery...

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June 30, 2018

ENT COBRA ONTOLOGY: the covariates classification system proposed by the Head & Neck and Skin GEC-ESTRO Working Group for interdisciplinary standardized data collection in head and neck patient cohorts treated with interventional radiotherapy

Purpose: Clinical data collecting is expensive in terms of time and human resources. Data can be collected in different ways; therefore, performing multicentric research based on previously stored data is often difficult. The primary objective of the ENT COBRA (COnsortium for BRachytherapy data Analysis) ontology is to define a specific terminological system to standardized data collection for head and neck (H&N) cancer patients treated with interventional radiotherapy...

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March 30, 2018

Radiation Therapy Research: A Global Analysis 2001-2015

Radiation therapy is a core modality of cancer treatment; however, concerns have been expressed regarding its underutilization and its lack of prioritization as a research domain relative to other cancer treatment modalities, despite its rapid technical evolution...

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February 28, 2018

A comparative assessment of inhomogeneity and finite patient dimension effects in 60Co and 192Ir high-dose-rate brachytherapy

Purpose: To perform a comparative study of heterogeneities and finite patient dimension effects in 60Co and 192Ir high-dose-rate (HDR) brachytherapy...

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February 03, 2018

Custom mold applicator high-dose-rate brachytherapy for nonmelanoma skin cancer—An analysis of 273 lesions

Purpose: Nonmelanoma skin cancer is the most commonly diagnosed malignancy in the United States. A modern version of surface brachytherapy, “topographic applicator brachytherapy” (TAB), can be used to treat early-stage nonmelanoma skin cancer (ES-NMSC)...

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January 18, 2018

Quality of training in radiation oncology in Germany: where do we stand?

Purpose: To evaluate the current situation of young radiation oncologists in Germany with regard to the contents and quality of training and level of knowledge, as well as their working conditions and professional satisfaction...

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July 28, 2017

Brachytherapy patient safety events in an academic radiation medicine program

Purpose: To describe the incidence and type of brachytherapy patient safety events over 10 years in an academic brachytherapy program...

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June 14, 2017

The Bebig Valencia-type skin applicators: Dosimetric study and implementation of a dosimetric hybrid technique

Purpose: To determine the relative dose rate distribution in water for the Bebig 20 mm and 30 mm skin applicators and report results in a form suitable for potential clinical use. Results for both skin applicators are also provided in the form of a hybrid Task Group 43 (TG-43) dosimetry technique...

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February 28, 2017

Staged reconstruction brachytherapy has lower overall cost in recurrent soft-tissue sarcoma

Purpose: The treatment of extremity soft tissue sarcoma (STS) was historically driven by radical compartmental resections. The gold standard of treatment has shifted towards a multidisciplinary approach, utilizing adjuvant radiation (RT), and less radical surgery, to improve limb function and quality of life [1,2,3,4,5]...

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January 06, 2017

US cancer death rate drops 25% since 1991

The cancer death rate in the United States has dropped 25 per cent from a peak in 1991, mainly due to a steady decline in smoking and advances in early detection and treatment of tumors, new research released Thursday shows...

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June 27, 2016

Commissioning and Quality Control of the New Saginova HDR Treatment System; First Year Experience from the United Kingdom and Germany

Purpose: It is estimated that worldwide, less than one-quarter of centres undertake their own comprehensive local commissioning tests at installation of new HDR Brachytherapy equipment [1]. Commissioning and routine quality control (QC) of HDR brachytherapy treatment equipment is essential to avoid errors and assure quality...

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June 15, 2016

The American College of Radiology and the American Brachytherapy Society practice parameter for the performance of low-dose-rate brachytherapy

Abstract: Brachytherapy is the use of radionuclides to treat malignancies or benign conditions by means of a radiation source placed close to or into the tumor or treatment site. This practice parameter refers only to the use of radionuclide brachytherapy. Brachytherapy alone or combined with external beam therapy plays an important role in the management and treatment of patients with cancer...

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May 04, 2016

Proposal to improve commissioning of HDR brachytherapy with results from the first 2 SagiNova® units

Purpose: Commissioning of HDR brachytherapy treatment equipment is essential to avoid errors and assure quality. However, it is estimated that worldwide, less than onequarter of centres undertake robust local commissioning tests at installation [1], important checks may be omitted [2], or systematic errors may remain [3]...

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January 11, 2016

As number of cancer survivors grows, so does rate of second malignancies

There are approximately 14.5 million cancer survivors in the United States, according to the American Cancer Society. That number is expected to climb to nearly 19 million by 2024, the society estimates. Although advances in early detection and treatment have dramatically increased the likelihood that Americans will survive their initial cancer diagnosis...
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December 15, 2015

New cancer treatment machine coming to PRMC - WMDT47 News Report

SALISBURY, Md. - Imagine treating cancer with a radiation device smaller than your fingernail all while not damaging your other organs inside your body. It's all possible with a machine called SagiNova. SagiNova is a high dose rate brachytherapy machine that is used to treat different cancers with radiation...

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December 15, 2015

Peninsula Regional Medical Center Installs Nation’s First SagiNova® High Dose Rate Afterloader System for Improved Cancer Treatment Options

Peninsula Regional Medical Center in Salisbury has become the first location in the United States to install Eckert & Ziegler BEBIG, Inc.’s new SagiNova® High Dose Rate afterloader system...
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September 26, 2013

EGSnrc Monte Carlo-aided dosimetric studies of the new BEBIG 60Co HDR brachytherapy source

Purpose: The purpose of this study is to obtain the dosimetric parameters of the new BEBIG 60Co brachytherapy source following by TG-43U1 recommendation with appropriate electron cutoff energy (0.521 MeV)...

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March 31, 2012

Treatment planning study of the 3D dosimetric differences between Co-60 and Ir-192 sources in high dose rate (HDR) brachytherapy for cervix cancer

Purpose: To evaluate whether Co-60 is equivalent to Ir-192 for HDR cervical brachytherapy, through 3D-DVH dose comparisons in standard and optimised plans. Previous studies have only considered 2D dosimetry, point dose comparisons or identical loading. Typical treatment times and economics are considered...

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December 31, 2011

Comparison of 60Co and 192Ir sources in HDR brachytherapy

This paper compares the isotopes 60Co and 192Ir as radiation sources for high-dose-rate (HDR) afterloading brachytherapy. The smaller size of 192Ir sources made it the preferred radionuclide for temporary brachytherapy treatments. Recently also 60Co sources have been made available with identical geometrical dimensions...

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June 30, 2011

A comprehensive study on HDR brachytherapy treatments of cervical cancers: using the first Co-60 BEBIG Multisource Unit in Bangladesh

Purpose: The report presents an extraordinary synthesis of customer acceptance procedures (CAP), quality assurance tests (QA) in the treatment of cervical cancer patients, using the first Co-60 Multisource Unit® in Bangladesh. The QA and commissioning required measurements and emergency tests verifying the functional limits of parameters...

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