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Cancer News Around the Web

May 18, 2018

Evaluation of vascular changes with optical coherence tomography angiography after ruthenium-106 brachytherapy of circumscribed choroidal hemangioma

Purpose: To describe the vascular changes of circumscribed choroidal hemangioma (CCH) after ruthenium-106 brachytherapy using optical coherence tomography angiography (angio-OCT)...

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April 30, 2018

Visual outcome after posterior uveal melanoma episcleral brachytherapy including radiobiological doses

Purpose: Uveal melanoma is the most frequent primary malignant intraocular tumor occurring in adults, with an annual age-adjusted incidence of 5.1 per million [1]. Approximately, 90% of all uveal melanomas’ develops in the choroid, 7% in the ciliary body, and 3% in the iris [1]. In the past, uveal melanoma was treated with enucleation, but plaque brachytherapy...

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April 30, 2018

Ruthenium brachytherapy for intraocular growth of a conjunctival squamous cell carcinoma: a case report

Abstract: The aim of this study is to report the use of ruthenium brachytherapy as an adjunctive treatment in the management of an intraocular extension of the conjunctival squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). In 2013, a 73-year-old man presented with a tumor blocking the angle and infiltrating corneal endothelium. The patient was treated with iridectomy, and after one month, ruthenium brachytherapy...

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April 30, 2018

A single institution analysis of low-dose-rate brachytherapy: 5-year reported survival and late toxicity outcomes

Purpose: Low-dose-rate (LDR) brachytherapy has been used in Australia since 1998 as curative treatment, either as a boost to external beam radiotherapy (EBRT) or monotherapy in the management of non-metastatic prostate cancer. More recently, the use of Iodine-125 for permanent LDR brachytherapy implants...

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April 22, 2018

Quality-of-life results for accelerated partial breast irradiation with interstitial brachytherapy versus whole-breast irradiation in early breast cancer after breast-conserving surgery (GEC-ESTRO): 5-year results of a randomised, phase 3 trial

Background: Previous results from the GEC-ESTRO trial showed that accelerated partial breast irradiation (APBI) using multicatheter brachytherapy in the treatment of early breast cancer after breast-conserving surgery was non-inferior to whole-breast irradiation in terms of local control and overall survival. Here, we present 5-year results of patient-reported quality of life...

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April 21, 2018

Brachytherapy proves safe for cervical cancer

Ureteral stricture - a narrowing of the tube that takes urine from the kidneys to the bladder - is a rare but potentially serious complication following radiation treatment for cervical cancer. The stricture can lead to kidney damage and sometimes life-threatening infections...

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March 30, 2018

Radiation Therapy Research: A Global Analysis 2001-2015

Radiation therapy is a core modality of cancer treatment; however, concerns have been expressed regarding its underutilization and its lack of prioritization as a research domain relative to other cancer treatment modalities, despite its rapid technical evolution...

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March 27, 2018

Prostate segmentation in transrectal ultrasound using magnetic resonance imaging priors

Purpose: In the current standard of care, real-time transrectal ultrasound (TRUS) is commonly used for prostate brachytherapy guidance. As TRUS provides limited soft tissue contrast, segmenting the prostate gland in TRUS images is often challenging and subject to inter-observer and intra-observer variability, especially at the base and apex where the gland boundary is hard to define...

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March 06, 2018

EBRT+BT+ADT May Be Optimal for High-Grade PCa

External beam radiation therapy (EBRT) plus brachytherapy and androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) may offer the best outcomes for patients with localized Gleason 9 to 10 prostate cancer, according to a new study...

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February 28, 2018

Long-term outcome of high-dose-rate brachytherapy and perioperative brachytherapy in early mobile tongue cancer

Purpose: To evaluate long-term outcome of high-dose-rate brachytherapy and perioperative brachytherapy in early mobile tongue cancer...

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February 28, 2018

A comparative assessment of inhomogeneity and finite patient dimension effects in 60Co and 192Ir high-dose-rate brachytherapy

Purpose: To perform a comparative study of heterogeneities and finite patient dimension effects in 60Co and 192Ir high-dose-rate (HDR) brachytherapy...

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February 20, 2018

NCCN releases updated guidelines on management of prostate cancer

As it does at least once a year, the National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) has just released version 1.2018 of its guidelines for physicians on the management of prostate cancer...

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February 15, 2018

Insurance status and cancer treatment mediate the association between race/ethnicity and cervical cancer survival

Cervical cancer outcomes remain poor among disadvantaged populations, including ethnic minorities, low-income, and underinsured women. The aim of this study was to evaluate the mechanisms that underlie the observed association between race/ethnicity and cervical cancer survival. We identified 13,698 women, ages 21 to 64 years...

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February 03, 2018

Custom mold applicator high-dose-rate brachytherapy for nonmelanoma skin cancer—An analysis of 273 lesions

Purpose: Nonmelanoma skin cancer is the most commonly diagnosed malignancy in the United States. A modern version of surface brachytherapy, “topographic applicator brachytherapy” (TAB), can be used to treat early-stage nonmelanoma skin cancer (ES-NMSC)...

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January 18, 2018

Quality of training in radiation oncology in Germany: where do we stand?

Purpose: To evaluate the current situation of young radiation oncologists in Germany with regard to the contents and quality of training and level of knowledge, as well as their working conditions and professional satisfaction...

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GEC-ESTRO Handbook of Brachytherapy:

www.estro.org

 

ABS Brachytherapy Guidelines and Consensus Statements:

www.americanbrachytherapy.org